Cocaine and Its Effects
- Increased heart rate
- Loss of appetite
- Erratic sleep
- Muscle spasms
- Higher body temperature
- Contraction of blood vessels
- Higher blood pressure
- Quicker breathing
- Intense energy
- Dilation of pupils
- Increased risk for heart disease
- Increased risk of cardiac arrest
- Sleep deprivation
- Damage of organs
- Deterioration of nasal tissue
- Weight loss
- Tooth decay
- Lower libido
- Increased tolerance
- Excessive stimulation
- Anxiety and nervousness
- Disorientation and confusion
- Loss of cognitive ability
- Mood swings
- Intense cravings
- Depressive symptoms
Cocaine Abuse Facts
Prevalence of Co-Morbidity
The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports that more than 50% of those who are addicted live with at least one other mental illness.
Drug Abuse in the Younger Demographics
- In a study of treatment patients aged 18-30, the TEDS Report states that 74% of the admissions started using while they were 17 or under.
- Around 10% had their first time under the age of 11.
A study shows that 78% of cocaine abusers also consumed other drugs in addition to cocaine.
Cocaine Dependence Across the United States
National Institute on Drug Abuse’s Monitoring the Future Study shows that approximately 1.4% of 8th graders, 2.6% of 10th graders, and 3.9% of 12th graders have used cocaine at least once.
Worldwide Dependence on Cocaine
The UNODC World Drug Report states that between 14-21 million people abuse cocaine all across the world.
Signs of Cocaine Use
A substance abuse disorder can have devastating impacts on a person’s mental, physical, and social well-being. However, spotting the symptoms of cocaine use is difficult unless you know what to look for.
- Dilated pupils
- Increased confidence
- Sudden nose bleeds
- Irritability and mood swings
- Poor sleeping patterns
- Disruptions in personal or social life
- Willingness to go to extreme lengths to acquire cocaine
- Increasing tolerance for consumption
- Increased dosage
- Consumption despite the negative impact on health
- Sudden unexplained disappearances
How to Help A Cocaine Addict
Who Is at Risk?
- Someone with a family history of drug abuse
- An addiction to alcohol, other drugs, or other intoxicants
- A pre-existing mental illness
The presence of one or more of these elements is likely to make someone more susceptible to developing a substance abuse disorder. However, developing an addiction is not dependent on either of these factors.
While you and your family may be assured of the addiction, the person who is addicted could be in denial of the problem. Additionally, even if they do recognize a problem, they may be hesitant about getting treatment.
According to the Association of Intervention Specialists, an intervention is effective when done in a positive, supportive, loving, and safe environment. Do remember to use an empathic, compassionate approach and refrain from accusations and blame.
Patience and Support
Living With a Cocaine Addiction
Treating a Cocaine Addiction
Types of Therapy
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
- Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)
- Contingency Management
- Motivational Interviewing
- Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy
- 12-Step Programs